What is and what is not an articulatory gesture in speech production
Palavras-chave:segmental complexity, (alveolo)palatal consonants, alveolar lateral, alveolar trill
Articulatory data are provided showing that, in languages in which they have phonemic status, (alveolo)palatal consonants, dark /l/ and the trill /r/ are articulated with a single lingual gesture instead of two independent tongue front and tongue body gestures. They are therefore simple, not complex segments. It is argued that tongue body lowering and retraction for dark /l/ and the trill /r/ is associated with manner of articulation requirements and with requirements on the implementation of the darkness percept in the case of dark /l/, and that tongue body raising and fronting for (alveolo)palatals results naturally from the contraction of the genioglossus muscle. These consonant units resemble truly complex palatalized and velarized or pharyngealized dentoalveolars regarding lingual configuration and kinematics, as well as coarticulatory efects and phonological and sound change processes. Contrary to some views, the study also contends that clear /l/ and the tap /?/ are not complex segments but consonants articulated with a more or less neutral tongue body configuration which is subject to considerable vowel coarticulation.
- 2020-10-08 (2)
- 2016-12-30 (1)
Copyright (c) 2016 Daniel Recasens
Este trabalho está licenciado sob uma licença Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Os textos publicados na Gradus estão submetidos aos termos da licença Creative Commons – Atribuição Não-Comercial CC BY-NC 4.0, disponível em http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/deed.pt_BR.